Learn the basics of taking care of your newborn in the first year.
You will need to carry your new born by securing its head and neck on your palm or arm at all times. This is always important in the first few months till the baby’s neck and spine become strong enough to hold the head up.
If you would like to use a carrier, supporter, car seat or even a stroller keep in mind to use one that supports the baby’s neck and head. Most of these are built for each age group in the first year and should follow safety regulations.
Once your baby is able to lift the head up without support you are able to change the way you hold the baby as well as when you move around.
Clothing and Warmth
Initially baby’s need to be kept warm as their normal environment has changed.
Keeping you baby warm by swaddling with blankets will also make her/him feel safe and secure. It is not necessary to use additional attire like hats and boots unless you are in a very cold place.
Thereon as your baby’s body becomes used to the environment around you can adopt to change the clothing and even transport gear.
Breastmilk is recommended to be given to baby at least in the first 6 months, unless the mother is having some medical reason which makes it impossible to breast feed. Breastmilk alone is sufficient for the first 6 months, while after that you will need to start adding solids to baby’s meals.
Most working mothers will however start their children on solids from around 4 months, which although acceptable will come with certain issues. Most babies are known to contract allergies from solids and cows milk if they are given these before they are at least 10 months.
Formula is given to babies when it is impossible to breastfeed. This however has strict requirements in preparation and can be costly. Remember always to follow the instructions for making formula and remember to make a fresh bottle every time.
Learn the right way to wash your baby. Generally you will be guided by the hospital nurse or your midwife.
Remember however to keep the water luke warm (Not too hot or too cold) and support your baby’s back and neck while washing. It is best to wash the head first , and then proceed to the body. Smaller babies faces should not be washed but rather wiped with a wet hand or towel, remember not to miss the back of the ears and skin folds as new born skin tends to be folded.
The most common illnesses that plague newborns can range from mild colds, fevers, ear infections, skin infections to some serious ailments. It is important to keep scheduled doctor appointments and keep note of symptoms of that do not go away and stay on for several days.